Bagan

 

view_of_bagan

According to Myanmar chronicles, there were 55 kings who ruled Bagan. The times of Bagan probably began from 108 AD and raise its power to its zenith in 1044 AD to 1369 AD. During the time of its Zenith, Buddhist religion had been introduced and prevailed in Bagan and spread throughout the city states of Myanmar. Many monuments and shrines are studded in the vast plain, saying goes as of five millions of Pagodas in Bagan.
The most famous buildings and shrines with fine Architectural designs, left today are Ananda Temple, Thabinnyu Temple, Dhamayangyi Temple, Gawdawpalin Temple, Shwezigon Temple, Sulamuni Temple, Dhamayazaka Temple and Htilo Minlo Temple, Nan Phaya and Manuha.

 

There are also many famous temples with fine mural paintings and clay models in niches on the walls with the scenes depicted from Buddhist episodes. Glazed tiles of fine arts and terra cotta plaques are all studded in many of the Temples and Pagodas. Those distinguished arts and crafts are all reflecting true cultures of Bagan.


Ananda Pagoda

anandaKyan Sit Thar of the Pagan Dynasty built the Ananda Temple in 1090. This temple is perfectly proportioned and considered to be an architectural wonder of Mon.  Many paintings on the wall are restored and well maintained.



Shwezigone Pagoda

shwezigonThe Shwezigon Pagoda is one of the famous Buddhist temples located in Nyaung Oo. It was commenced by King Anawrahta but not completed until the reign of King Kyanzittha in 11 AD. This pagoda was built to enshrine a Buddha tooth replica.


Shwesandaw Pagoda

shwesandawThe Shwesandaw Pagoda was built by King Anawrahta in 1057 which contains a series of five terraces. The sacred hair of Gautama Buddha brought back from Thaton were enshrined within the pagoda. It is a popular sunset-viewing sport from the pagoda’s upper terrace.


Dhammayangyi Temple

dhammayangyiDhammayangyi Temple is the largest temples in Bagan. This was built during the reign of King Narathu in 12 AD but was not completed as the king was assassinated by some Indians. He was also known as Kalagya Min. The temple was presumably built to atone for sins of Narathu, who came to the throne by assassinating his father Alaungsithu and his elder brother. The interlocking brickwork at Dhammayangyi is the most beautiful and said to rank as the finest in Bagan.


Thatbyinnyu Temple

thatbyinuuThatbyinnyu Temple was built in the mid-12th century during the reign of King Alaungsithu. It is the highest temple in Bagan with 61 meter high. The meaning of Thatbyinnyu is the Omniscience of the Buddha.


Bupaya Pagoda

bupagoadBupaya Pagoda is located on bank of the Ayeyarwady River. The small pagoda, which has a bulbous shaped dome, is widely believed to have been built by the third King of Pagan Pyusawdi who ruled from 168 to 243 AD. This pagoda was reconstructed after completely destroyed by an earthquake in 1975.


Popa Mountain

popaMount Popa is an extinct volcano located in central Myanmar about 50 km (30 miles) far from Bagan. It is 1518 meters (4981 feet) above sea level. It is known for the scenic Popa Taungkalat which is home to 37 Mahagiri Nats, or spirits. This place is crowded with Nats festivals from the month of May to June every year.

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