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Myanmar is the only country in Southeast Asian region that comprises with colorful diversity of ethnic minority tribes from the white skinned on the north to the dark skinned spread out into the sea. On the northern part of Myanmar in Kachin states, Kachin tribes of white skin are their homeland.There are also many ethnic clans in different part of this mountainous regions. Minority tribal clans are Khaku, Thaisa, Lasheik, Rawan, Thaikhamti, Lisu, and Taroung tribes known as Pygmies of Myanmar.
The mixture of ethnic tribes such as Tibeto Burmans, Lahu, Palaungs can be seen in Kachin land. This region is covered with snow on the mountains year round and accessible only by trekking up and down the high mountains to the tribal villages.
Northern Shan (Kyaing Tong)
Kyaing Tong is known for its scenic beauty and homeland of various colorful ethnic tribes. Situated in the eastern Shan State and it is 452 km from Taunggyi and 176km from Tachileik. Places of interest around Kengtong are; the Spa, Naung Tong lake and water fall, Sunn Taung Monastery, Central market and Traditional Lacquerware works, gunpowder works, silver ware works and hand weaving traditional private works. There are many villages of various ethnic tribes resided around Kyaing Tong. They are known as Gon, Lwe, Li, Wa, Lah Hu, Thai Nay, Shan, Li Shaw, Li Su, Palaung, Akha tribes. The tribes can only differentiate by their colorful dresses which is different to one another. Once this restricted area is now safe and sound and best opportunity for the travelers to observe the tribes on these mountainous regions around Kengtong. The Southern Shan ethnic tribes around Taunggyi, Inle and Kalaw are Pao, Palaung and Shan.
CHIN Region in the West
Chin state is a hilly region on the western part of Myanmar and there are many different Chin ethnic minority tribes from the northern mountain ranges to the south that stretches down to the edge of Rakhine state.
THE TRIBAL NAGA LAND
Naga hill tribes are living in the Northern part of Chin region, and Sagaing division, close to Indian border. Traditionally they are fierce tribal warriors ornamented with feathers of the birds, skin and horns, boar fangs, of the wild beast on their heads ornamented as headdress. The chief warrior wore dyed red color monkey skin on his head and resembled to Zulus warrior tribes in Africa. Traditionally they are proud of hunting the wild beast such as Tigers, leopards and wild boars. There are about 64 different ethnic minority clans in Naga region. This land can be visited only at their time of New Year Festival in January.
Myeik Archipelago (Mergui Archipelago)
Myeik Archipelago known as Mergui Archipelago is situated between the Andaman sea and the Tenessarim coast that started from Mawlamyaing ( Moulmein ) on the North like finger stretching down to Kawthaung is the tip of the fingernail. The city is adjacent with Ranaung , the border town of Thailand across the Pachan river. The coastal length is about 2760 miles along the Tenessarim coast and the continental shelves are about 82200 sq miles.
The Salons ( or ) Sea Faring Gypsies
Salons are the tribes who were living in the sea around Myeik Archipelago. They are also known as Mawkan tribes and then first noted in the book written by one of the French writer in 1675. Later in the book 'Siamese White' written by Maurice Collis, Salons are known as Corselets.
One of the best archaeological site with attractions is situated in Yakhine State, on the Southwestern part of Myanmar. The ancient capital founded by Rakkhine King Minsawmon in 1433 AD. Then Mrauk U period flourished between 15th century and 18th century. The city is 80 km from the north of Sittwe port city, once known as the Golden Gate by the west traders. Early 17th century is Rakhine's Golden Age for it's trading with western countries such as Holland, Spain, Portugal, Maldives, Italy and south India. The temples and Pagodas in Mrauk U are strategically located on the hilltops and look like fortresses. There are countless images spreading all over with some are in ruins, influenced by Indian culture and civilization. Shitthaung Pagoda, from 1535 AD. Kothaung Pagoda, Anndawthein, from 1596 AD. Laungbonpyauk, Dukkhanthein, Archeological Museum and Pitakataik is of famous ancient Temples with countless stupas Indian culture influences. About 8km from Mrauk-U is Ve'Sali, an archeological zone from 4th century. This ancient city is earlier than Mrauk-U period and Ve'Sali was succeeded by a series of small cities although Mrauk-U remained.
Ngapali Beach is the most beautiful beach in Myanmar located in Rakhine State. Although we can reach there by car, airplane is the trans-route solution and it will only take about 45 minutes. It was named by a home sick Italian who said the beach looked like the Naple beach in Italy.